General Surgery Procedures
Your gallbladder is most likely to give you trouble if something blocks the flow of bile through the bile ducts. That is usually a gallstone. Gallstone attacks usually happen after you eat. Signs of a gallstone attack may include nausea, vomiting, or pain in the abdomen, back, or just under the right arm.
A hernia occurs when part of an internal organ bulges through a weak area of muscle. Most hernias occur in the abdomen. The usual treatment for a hernia is surgery to repair the opening in the muscle wall. Untreated hernias can cause pain and health problems.
Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck, just above your collarbone. It is one of your endocrine glands, which make hormones. The thyroid helps set your metabolism – how your body gets energy from the foods you eat. Thryoid cancer is uncommon. Fortunately, the prognosis is generally excellent with surgery alone. Occasionally, patients might also get a dose of radioactive Iodine for a final “mop-up”, depending on the findings from surgery.
The esophagus is a hollow tube that carries food and liquids from your throat to your stomach. Early esophageal cancer usually does not cause symptoms. However, as the cancer grows, symptoms may include painful or difficult swallowing, weight loss and coughing up blood. When esophageal cancer is only in the esophagus and has not spread, surgery is the treatment of choice. The goal of surgery is to remove the cancer.
Your liver is the largest organ inside your body. It filters harmful substances from the blood, digests fats from food and stores the sugar that your body uses for energy. Primary liver cancer starts in the liver. Metastatic liver cancer starts somewhere else and spreads to your liver. Treatment options include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy or liver transplantation.
The pancreas is a gland behind your stomach and in front of your spine. It produces juices that help break down food and hormones that help control blood sugar levels. Problems with the pancreas can lead to many health problems. Pancreatic cancer is hard to catch early. It doesn’t cause symptoms right away. Pancreatic cancer can be treated with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.
Breast cancer affects one in eight women during their lives. Breast cancer kills more women in the United States than any cancer except lung cancer. No one knows why some women get breast cancer, but there are a number of risk factors. Treatment may consist of radiation, lumpectomy, mastectomy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy.